How common are green eyes

Green eyes: the rarest eye color?

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From All About Vision

When you have green eyes, you have reason to be excited.

Although the color green is often associated with envy (even a role in Shakespeare Othello refers to jealousy as a "green-eyed monster"), many people consider green to be the most attractive eye color.

In an online survey, asked readers which eye color they found most attractive. Below are the preferences of more than 66,000 respondents:

  1. Green: 20.3%

  2. Light blue: 16.9%

  3. Hazelnut brown: 16.0%

  4. Dark blue: 15.2%

  5. Gray: 10.9%

  6. Honey colors: 7.9%

  7. Amethyst: 6.9%

  8. Brown: 5.9%

The rarity of green eyes may be one of the reasons for their attraction; According to some sources, the global prevalence of green eyes is only 2%. However, reliable statistics on the prevalence of eye color are difficult to find.

However, the prevalence of green eyes varies considerably by geographic region and by country, with the greatest concentration in northern and central Europe.

For example, in Edinburgh, Scotland, an estimated 29% of residents have green eyes (57% have blue eyes and only 14% have brown eyes).

In Iceland, a survey of the population found that 89% of women and 87% of men have blue or green eyes.

What is the cause of green eyes?

While genetics play a role in determining eye color, it is nearly impossible to determine a child's eye color with 100% certainty simply based on the color of their parents' eyes.

This can be attributed to the fact that many different genes are involved in the inheritance of eye color, and different interactions and levels of expression of these genes can change children's eye color.

The structure inside the eye that is responsible for eye color is the iris - the thin, circular structure that surrounds the pupil. The iris not only controls the size of the pupil and thus the amount of light that enters the eye, but it also contains pigmented cells that determine the color of the eye.

Here's where it gets interesting: Although there are many different eye colors, there are surprisingly few types of eye pigment. In fact, almost all eye colors are determined by how much of the brown pigment called melanin is in the cells of the iris.

So how is it that a brown pigment makes green, blue, or hazel eyes, or any eye color other than brown?

The differences in eye color are due to the different amounts of melanin pigment grains within the cells of the iris, the so-called melanocytes. These cells acquire their genetically determined amount of melanin in early childhood and their melanin levels usually remain relatively constant throughout life.

Someone with less melanin in the melanocytes of their iris will have a lighter eye color (blue or green, for example) than someone with a higher concentration of melanin, who is most likely to have brown eyes.

However, there is another factor involved in determining eye color, especially the different shades of green and blue eyes. When light hits the iris and the pigment-containing melanocytes in the iris, this light is scattered and reflected.

This phenomenon, called Rayleigh scattering, can produce different reflective colors depending on the physical structure of the iris and the amount and density of melanin within the melanocytes.

Depending on these variables, Rayleigh scattering (which is the same phenomenon that makes a cloudless sky appear blue) can produce different shades of blue, green, hazel, and so on.

It is also worth noting that, depending on the structure of the iris and the distribution of the melanocytes in it, some eye colors are difficult to classify.

For example, some "green" eyes may have a hazel or brown ring near the pupil, which can sometimes make them appear hazel and sometimes green, depending on lighting conditions, makeup, and the color of the clothing you are wearing.

Green Eyed Celebrities

Does the attraction of green eyes attract entertainers and other famous people more attention? Maybe.

Here's a quick list of actors, singers, and other celebrities who might owe a small part of their attraction to their green eyes:

Adele, Adrien Brody, Daniel Day-Lewis, Katie Holmes, Terrence Howard, Kate Hudson, Scarlett Johansson, John Krasinski, Leona Lewis, Lindsay Lohan, Kate Middleton (Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge), Clive Owen, Joaquin Phoenix, Eddie Redmayne, Rihanna, Smokey Robinson, Paul Rudd, Kristen Stewart, Emma Stone, Tilda Swinton, Channing Tatum, Charlize Theron, Bruce Willis.

Spice up your eye color

For example, if you would like green eyes instead of the color you were born with, you could wear colored contact lenses.

There are a few brands of contact lenses that come in a variety of shades of green, including those with no prescription, if you're the lucky one with perfect natural eyesight.

If your natural eye color is green and you wear glasses, glasses with an anti-reflective coating will help bring out your green eye color. An anti-reflective coating eliminates distracting reflections in your glasses, allowing others to see the beauty and expressiveness of your green eyes.

Whatever color your eyes are, they are unique and can never be copied. Like snowflakes, the characteristics of each eye are different, so no matter what color your eyes are, they are great.

Have your eyes checked regularly

To keep your beautiful green eyes healthy and your eyesight unimpaired, you should have your eyes checked at least every two years.

WHEN WAS YOUR LAST EYE EXAMINATION? Find an optician in your area and make an appointment.

Page published in September 2020

Page updated in May 2021