Where does the tiger live
Undemanding big cats
All tigers need to survive are forests, water and enough prey. The big cats are adaptable and can easily cope with large temperature differences.
Although they tend to be heavier, unlike lions, they move more smoothly and are more agile. Tigers are also comfortable in the water and are excellent swimmers.
Tigers are solitary animals who usually roam the woods at night in search of prey. Then they hunt - depending on their habitat - elk, wild boar, but also tapirs, monkeys or fish.
The prey is killed with a targeted bite in the neck or throat. A full-grown animal, which rarely gets older than 25 years in the wild, needs up to nine kilos of food per day.
The largest big cat in the world
Of the nine subspecies that were previously there, there are still five tiger species in the wild today. The greatest of them is that Amur tiger. Adult males can weigh up to 300 kilograms and reach a height of three meters.
It takes its name from the Russian river Amur, which flows through the Siberian region of Transbaikalia. The habitat of the Siberian tiger, as it is also called, originally extended from Lake Baikal to the Sea of Japan.
A hundred years ago, thousands of them hunted in the thick forests. In the 1940s there were only around 40 Amur tigers left. Today the population has recovered a little.
Animal rights activists estimate that around 590 Amur tigers live in eastern Russia and on the border with China. Today you are moving in an area that is roughly half the size of Germany.
A webbed tiger
The Bengal tiger, also known as the Bengal tiger, is almost as big as the Amur tiger and is at home in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. Some have been sighted up to 4000 meters in the Himalayas.
The King Tiger is the symbol of India and has been under protection there since the early 1970s. He's still being hunted. Of all the tiger species, the Bengal tiger population is the largest.
In the forests of Southeast Asia is the Indochinese tiger at home. Animal rights activists estimate that around 300 to 400 specimens still live in the wild. A relatively dark drawing is typical of the Indochinese tiger.
Because it is native to inaccessible areas, it has a better chance of survival than other species. However, because of this, very little is known about his living conditions.
It is very similar to the Indochinese tiger Malaysia tiger. It was only recognized as a separate subspecies a few years ago. He is also considered to be endangered.
The smallest subspecies is that Sumatran tiger. It weighs an average of 140 kilos. The Sumatran tiger lives in the rainforests of the Indonesian island of the same name and is the only type of tiger with webbed claws.
The tiger is in danger
A little over a hundred years ago, around 100,000 tigers lived in large parts of Asia. Today there are still around 3900 animals, the Bali, Caspian and Java tigers are extinct.
The South China tiger is believed to be extinct in the wild. According to the WWF species lexicon, experts assume that there are only a few isolated individuals, if at all.
The last hope of preserving the species therefore rests on the few animals in Chinese zoos. The remaining five species only live in 13 Asian countries. Most of them are native to India, with an estimated 1700 tigers there.
The World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) assumes that less than ten percent of the entire original habitat is left. There are many reasons.
In some regions, for example, natural resources such as coal or oil are extracted. The deforestation of the rainforest is also a major problem, as is the development of inaccessible areas by roads.
Poachers are also a great danger. They hunt the tigers because they are good at selling the body parts of the big cats. Because claws, teeth, brain and other parts are processed into medicines in traditional Chinese medicine and are very popular.
The hunting of tigers as trophies has cost the lives of many animals, especially in the past century.
Protection zones and reconnaissance
All major nature conservation organizations have launched tiger protection programs. The states where tigers live have also agreed to do something against the extinction of the world's largest big cat.
For example, protection zones are set up and rangers are deployed to stop poachers, among other things.
But the environmental organizations are also trying to make a difference politically. For example, you are committed to ensuring that natural resources are mined more sustainably. Tourists can also do something for the protection of species by not buying souvenirs or medicines from tigers.
The measures of the large nature conservation organizations show at least small successes. The Amur tiger population is stable and the Indochinese tiger also has a chance to survive. But the danger that the world's largest big cat will become extinct is far from over.
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