Are Hinduism and Brahmanism synonymous

Hinduism / Brahmanism

Hinduism, which is also known as Brahmanism, is a union of two different streams of development that merged into one unit: the autochthonous ancient Indian religion and the religion of the Aryans advancing into India. Both terms are used synonymously, with Brahmanism being the name of this religion. The term is derived from the Indian caste of priests, the Brahmins. The term Hinduism is a foreign ascription, through which the Muslims penetrated into India. The belief of the Aryans was based on the so-called "veda", the sacred knowledge. In Austria, Hinduists have the status of a religious denominational community.

Hinduism is known as the most diverse world religion and includes almost all religious expressions of humanity. Starting with a polytheism (belief in many gods), the worship of natural gods up to a philosophically demanding monotheism (belief in one god) and the belief in a universal law that is called Dharma. Hinduism is closely linked to the social order, the caste system and demands pronounced sacrificial rites. It does not prescribe any generally binding metaphysical or religious beliefs, but rather places the focus on modesty within the framework of universally applicable rules of conduct. Retribution for good and bad behavior plays an important role in this. It conditions personal karma and influences life cycles (which also include rebirth and world ages).

The central symbol of Hinduism is the wheel. This represents the course of the cosmos, the cycles of birth and death, arising, maturing, decaying, dissolving and receding. It is also a symbol for the cycle of the 4 Hindu world ages, which every world goes through until it sinks into darkness and then arises again. The rolling of the wheel means continuity and immutability of cosmic events. In Hinduism, wisdom is based on the insight into the incessant periodic change of the universe. Hindus understand their beliefs as an eternal religion, which is called "sanatana-dharma". This implies that in all times there are sages and religious teachers who teach through different forms.

The term "deva" stands for gods in Hinduism and is derived from "div", which means shining or shining. The Vedic world of gods experienced a transformation over time: The Vedic gods Mitra and Varuna, Indra and Agni faded into the background. Instead, greater importance was attached to the gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. These are also known as the trinity "Trimurti". The three gods represent three different figures or forms of the one primordial being in his activity as creator, sustainer and destroyer of the universe. Many Hindu theologians profess themselves today as Vishnuits or Shivaites. They see one of the two as the supreme god, to whom the other gods are subordinate as subordinates or incarnations.

Brahma, who is also called the creator god, is significantly involved in the creation of the world. However, he did not create the world according to his free will or out of nothing. Therefore he can only be called "Creator God" to a limited extent. He proclaims the holy Vedas. It is a personified form of the original neuter "Brahma" mentioned in the Upanishads. The Upanishads are one of the holy scriptures of Hinduism. In these Brahma represents the Absolute, which is identical with the "Atman", the innermost core of every being, including the human being.

Vishnu denotes the sustainer. This is one of the most important gods of the Hindu belief in many gods, as he is identified with different deities and embodies his incarnation in various heroes of the great epics of India. As soon as the world or humanity are in danger and are near doom due to evil forces or moral decline, Vishnu appears as a hero (in animal or human form) to save them.

Shiva is considered to be the destroyer. His name means "the gracious". Nowadays, along with Vishnu, he is considered to be the most popular god in Hinduism. His Vedic archetype is the terrible archer Rudra, who sends diseases and drives them away again. The pre-Aryan nature god of the power of procreation, who is worshiped under the symbol of the phallus (linga), is also fused with him. Shiva simultaneously represents the creative and destructive forces of the cosmos, which he embodies depending on his various forms and incarnations. Like Vishnu, Shiva is also regarded by his followers as the highest world lord. He is the most multifaceted and multifaceted deity in Hinduism and is one of the oldest gods.

In Hinduism there are innumerable deities who are often referred to as children or servants of the Trimurti gods. The elephant-headed and pot-bellied Ganesha, who is regarded as the god of wisdom, is particularly well-known. Ganesha removes all obstacles, is smart, cheerful and cozy. He is often called before exams or difficult undertakings.

The eternal law which prevails in all things and beings in Hinduism, which is called Dharma, is both a natural and a moral world order. For most of the philosophical systems of Hinduism, the Dharma is the supreme and ultimate principle that manifests in and rules over everything. The gods are also subject to this and are therefore, like humans, "perishable". They are subject to karma as well as rebirths. Regardless of their image of God, the doctrine of karma and the associated transmigration of souls is central in all Hindu systems. The goal of every human life is to ensure good rebirth through good deeds. However, since all existences come to an end in the end of the world, every existence is also that of the gods, limited in time. Whoever, as a wise man, has recognized the impermanence and frailty of all earthly existence, therefore strives for eternal salvation.

See also