What was the first film

The very first film

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The very first film

The films that Louis and Auguste Lumière showed in the Grand Café in Paris in 1895 are always cited as the real beginning of film history. Because for the first time, visitors also paid admission. Short black and white documentaries were shown showing bourgeois life at the turn of the century.


Poster for the Lumière brothers' cinemas.

The scenes from everyday life and thus the first films were for example:

"Le Déjeuner de bébe" - "The baby's breakfast", with a child on his mother's knees who is being fed for breakfast. "La Sortie des usines" - "The exit of the factories", which shows how workers leave the factory or "Le Débarquement du congrès de photographie à Lyon" - "The arrival of the participants of the photography congress in Lyon".

No script yet

These films didn't have anything like a script. They showed the reality. The viewers stormed out of the cinema when they saw a train going into the station racing towards them on the screen in the film "L´arrivée d´un train en gare de La Ciotat". The locomotive was filmed in such a way that it came from the depths of the screen, grew bigger because it looked towards the audience and finally raced past the camera - the first audience were deeply shocked when they saw these images.

First trick technique by Mélièrs

The Frenchman George Mélièrs developed something like a script. He walked away from the documentary. His preference was books or magic theater. So he tried to translate these elements into films. For the first time, he also used various trick methods, such as diaphragms or double exposure.

"The trip to the moon"

His first own film with a length of over 16 minutes was "Die Reise zum Mond", based on a novel by Jules Verne, in 1902. But films were also being made in America during this time.

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