What are the national sports in Pakistan


One of the relics of British colonial rule in South Asia is a passion for cricket. Outside the mother country of England, this batting game is probably a book with seven seals for most Europeans, but in India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka it is a national sport. Many of the best players in the world were born and raised here, and like the sport itself, they are held in high regard across all social classes. The terrorist attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team in Lahore, Pakistan in the spring of 2009 hit the entire region to the core.

As in baseball, attack and defense are strictly alternated in cricket: one team alternately attacks to score points and the other defends by trying to prevent the attacker from scoring. The two teams meet on an oval playing field that is divided into several zones. In the middle there is a 20 m long and 3 m wide rectangle (pitch), at the narrow ends of which there is a “wicket”, a bridge-like construction made of three long and two short wooden sticks. In each round of the game (innings), two batsmen (batsmen) from the batting team and the eleven players from the field team face each other on the field of play. The two batsmen equipped with paddle-like clubs each stand in front of one of the wickets. The field team's wicket keeper is positioned behind one of them, and the field team's bowler takes up position on the other side of the rectangular pitch. The other nine field players are spread across the oval playing field. Roughly sketched, an innings runs as follows: Using the throwing technique that is characteristic of the game, so-called bowling, the thrower tries to hit the wooden sticks on the other side of the field behind the batsmen and thus knock him out. Meanwhile, the aim of the two batsmen is to hit the red ball as far away from the wicket as possible and to swap positions, i.e. to get to the other side (at least) once over the entire length of the pitch. Each successful joint change of sides gives your team one point. If a batsman is eliminated, the next one of his team comes into play. At the end of the inning, the teams change their roles - whoever has just defended becomes the attacker.

The inexperienced observer is more likely to notice the oddities than the - considerable - sporting challenges of the game: A tea break is an integral part of a game of cricket. Traditionally, all players also compete in white. Out of consideration for the (television) audience, colored clothing is common for most professional games today. Shirt numbers and club names are completely unusual. "One-day cricket", in which a game is limited to one day, has only existed since the 1970s. Originally, a single game was played over two or more days, which is still the case today in some traditional tournaments.

The world championship in "one-day cricket" has been held every four years since 1975. Today this Cricket World Cup is the most important competition in the sport that was part of the Olympic disciplines for the first and last time in 1900. India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka each won the coveted trophy once, and their national teams made it to the final twice.