What is Leninism
FDGB Lexicon, Berlin 2009
Marxism-Leninism. The M.-L. lays claim to the unified, closed overall system of the theories of Karl Marx (* 5.5.1818- 14.3.83), Friedrich Engels (* 18.11.1820- 5.8.95) and Vladimir I. Lenin (* 22.4.1870- January 21, 1924). He claims the sole, scientifically proven truth for himself and sees himself as the worldview of the working class. This class, represented by its party, is the historical, last and most progressive class, endowed with the mission of overcoming class society as a whole.
Components of the M.-L. are its philosophy (dialect. and hist. materialism), political economy and scientific socialism and communism.
The dialect. Materialism is the general philosopher. Basis of the M.-L. He rejects the idealist. Point of view and takes the materialist. Standpoint: Originally, matter and everything else was only derived from it; the principle of recognizability of objective reality and its reflection in consciousness applies. The core statement reads: & # 132 Being determines consciousness. & # 147 The development of the material takes place according to the laws of dialectic: 1. The contradictions inherent in all things, which are in the fight with each other, give the development of things impulse and lead to The passing of the old and the emergence of the new; 2. Quantitative changes within a certain quality lead to a sudden transition from this quality to another when its level is exceeded (contradictions become movement, & # 132dialect. Jump & # 147); 3. The struggle of opposites comes to an end in the negation of one by the other (& # 132Negation of negation & # 147, whereby the old is not completely eliminated, but elements contained in it can also reappear in the new; thesis and antithesis become the synthesis, which as a new thesis again contains contradictions and is again negated; this creates a process of higher development).
Historical materialism is the application of these general laws of being to the development of human society. It is inherent in the contradictions between productive forces and production relations. If these exceed their level, there will be a social revolution; A new, more highly developed one emerges from a traditional social formation. History is the history of class struggles, because & # 132classes & # 147 (large groups of people who primarily define themselves according to their given or not given control over the means of production) conflicts that give the impetus for social developments. After the successive class social formations of the slave-holding society, feudalism and capitalism, it is the historical task of the working class to lead humanity after the revolution under the leadership of their party into socialism as a transition society to communism, the classless society.
The political economy of the M.-L. deals with the economists operating in a certain mode of production. Laws. It is usually subdivided into the political economy of capitalism and the political economy of socialism.
Scientific socialism and communism - largely shaped by Lenin - is about how the working class is the proletar. To carry out revolution and to shape the construction of socialism and communism. The central and most momentous statement of Lenin was that he denied the workers the ability to develop revolutionary consciousness themselves; it must be brought to her & # 132 from outside & # 147, through an avant-garde made up of professional revolutionaries: the Marxist-Leninist. Political party. This had an unrestricted leadership role not only before and during the revolution, but also afterwards. The M.-L. was also the ideological. Basis of the activities of the FDGB in the GDR. As a mass organization of the working class and thus at the same time the largest mass organization, the trade union is only given a subordinate position in this ideology; at most it is allowed to act as an incentive and indicator.
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